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(SURFSIDE, Fla.) — At least nine people are dead and 152 others remain unaccounted for after a 12-story residential building partially collapsed in southern Florida’s Miami-Dade County last week, officials said.
A massive search and rescue operation entered its fifth day Monday, as crews continued to carefully comb through the pancaked pile of debris in hopes of finding survivors. The partial collapse occurred at around 1:15 a.m. local time on Thursday at the Champlain Towers South condominium in the small, beachside town of Surfside, about 6 miles north of Miami Beach. Approximately 55 of the oceanfront complex’s 136 units were destroyed, according to Miami-Dade Fire Rescue Assistant Chief Raide Jadallah.
So far, 134 people who were living or staying in the condominium at the time of the partial collapse have been accounted for, according to Miami-Dade County Mayor Daniella Levine Cava, who noted that the numbers are very fluid.
Although officials have continued to express hope that more people will be found alive, no survivors have been discovered in the rubble of the building since the morning it partially collapsed. Stacie Fang, 54, and her 15-year-old son, Jonah Handler, were both pulled from the wreckage alive and transported to a local hospital, where Fang later died.
The remaining structure that still stands was cleared by rescue crews last week and all resources have since shifted focus to on the debris, according to Jadallah. Hundreds of first responders and volunteers have been working around the clock to locate both survivors and human remains in the rubble. Crews have cut a 125-foot long, 20-foot wide and 40-foot deep trench through the pile to help enhance their search, according to Levine Cava.
On Sunday afternoon, relatives of those still unaccounted boarded several public transit buses at the Grand Beach Hotel in Miami Beach, where a family reunification center has been set up, and were escorted by local police to an area near the disaster site so they could privately grieve, pray and hold vigils for their missing loved ones.
The cause of the partial collapse remains unknown. The Miami-Dade Police Department is leading an investigation into the incident.
So far, there is no evidence of foul play, according to Levine Cava.
“Of course, it’s not ruled out,” the Miami-Dade County mayor told ABC News on Friday. “Nothing’s ruled out. But, at this point, nothing to indicate that.”
Built in the 1980s, the Champlain Towers South was up for its 40-year recertification and had been undergoing roof work at the time of the partial collapse, with further renovations planned, according to Surfside officials.
A structural field survey report from October 2018, which was among hundreds of pages of public documents released by the town late Sunday, said the waterproofing below the condominium’s pool deck and entrance drive was failing and causing “major structural damage to the concrete structural slab below these areas.” The New York Times was first to report the news.
In a November 2018 email, also released by the town, a Surfside building official, Ross Prieto, told the town’s then-manager, Guillermo Olmedillo, that he met with the Champlain Towers South residents and that “it went very well.”
“The response was very positive from everyone in the room,” Prieto wrote. “All main concerns over their forty year recertification process were addressed. This particular building is not due to begin their forty year until 2021 but they have decided to start the process early which I wholeheartedly endorse and wish that this trend would catch on with other properties.”
A former resident, Susanna Alvarez, told ABC News that Prieto said during that 2018 meeting that the condominium was “not in bad shape” — a sentiment that appears to conflict with the structural field survey report penned five weeks earlier.
Prieto has not responded to ABC News’ request for comment.
When asked for comment, Surfside commissioner Eliana Salzhauer said Prieto’s “interpretation of that report was misleading.”
“I don’t want to believe that some would go out of their way to mislead someone,” Salzhauer told ABC News on Sunday. “I think it was more about he didn’t want people to panic, and I can’t speculate as to what was in his mind, why — maybe — he never even got to page seven of the report.”
Surfside Mayor Charles Burkett told reporters he did read the 2018 structural field survey report but that he was not yet aware of the meeting with the residents where the official said the building was “not in a bad shape.” Burkett said his office is going through every correspondence that town officials have made regarding the Champlain Towers South and those details will also be published on the town’s website.
A 2020 study conducted by Shimon Wdowinski, a professor at Florida International University’s Institute of Environment in Miami, found signs of land subsidence from 1993 to 1999 in the area where the Champlain Towers South condominium is located. But subsidence, or the gradual sinking of land, likely would not on its own cause a building to collapse, according to Wdowinski, whose expertise is in space geodesy, natural hazards and sea level rise.
“When we measure subsidence or when we see movement of the buildings, it’s worth checking why it happens,” Wdowinski, who analyzed space-based radar data, said in a statement Thursday. “We cannot say what is the reason for that from the satellite images but we can say there was movement here.”
Miami-Dade County officials are aware of the study and are “looking into” it, Levine Cava told ABC News.
A class action lawsuit was filed late Thursday on behalf of resident Manuel Drezner and “all others similarly situated,” alleging that the partial collapse could have been avoided if the Champlain Towers South Condo Association had made needed repairs and ensured the building was safe. The lawsuit, believed to be the first filed in response to the partial collapse, is seeking $5 million in damages. ABC News has reached out to the Champlain Towers South Condo Association’s attorneys for comment.
The partial collapse happened as the Champlain Towers South Condo Association was preparing to start a new construction project to make updates, according to Kenneth Direktor, a lawyer for the association. Direktor said the building had been through extensive inspections and the construction plans had already been submitted to the town but the only work that had begun was on the roof.
Direktor noted that he hadn’t been warned of any structural issues with the building or about the land it was built on. He said there was water damage to the complex, but that is common for oceanfront properties and wouldn’t have caused the partial collapse.
“Nothing like this has ever been seen, at least not in the 40 years I’ve been doing this,” Direktor told ABC News on Thursday.
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